Problem solving activities and word problems using some or all of the four operations.
Addition questions that require a method that goes beyond memorization of number facts. This is generally done using a written algorithm.
Subtraction questions that require a method that goes beyond memorization of number facts. This is generally done using a written algorithm.
Multiplication questions that require a method that goes beyond memorization of number facts. This is generally done using a written algorithm.
Division questions that require a method that goes beyond memorization of number facts. This is generally done using a written algorithm.
Questions that include more than one operation, requiring use of rules for the order in which operations must be carried out. This is an essential foundation for algebra and advanced use of spreadsheets.
Once students have learned the multiplication and division facts they can be introduced to the connections between numbers and their factors and multiples, including the rules of divisibility.